Oral history
History witnesses

Christine Tibika

Interlocutor name:
Interlocutor surname:
Józef Markiewicz
Józef Markiewicz
Catalogue number:
Recording date:
7th May 2019
Recording location:
Recording duration:
Recording language:
Recording copyright:
POLIN Museum of the History of the Polish Jews
Holocaust Survivors

Related places

Interlocutor biogram

Christine Tibika was born in Łódź as Fany Kurz. Her mother Raja Filkenstein died most likely in Treblinka; her family came from Białystok. Her father Zalman Kurz came from a Łódź family and was a textile worker; he and his brother had a factory in Zduńska Wola and a shop in Łódź. The parents of Christine Tibika studied in Nancy?; they returned to Poland in 1933 (without completing their studies) and settled down in Łódź. After the war broke out, the family were sent to the Warsaw Ghetto, from which Christine Tibika was led out owing to her father’s connections. She moved in with the Weizman family in Grochów and stayed there until 1945 or 1946. After the war, she was adopted by her father’s family.

She worked at the Institute of Nuclear Research. In 1961, she married Leszek Niedziułka, an engineer. In 1968, she was dismissed from her job, got divorced and decided to emigrate. She left for Israel, where she worked as a chemist and met her second husband. She left for France, where she lives to this day.

Recording circumstances description

The interview was recorded at the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw during the interviewee’s visit to Poland.

Recording summary

  1. Visits to Warsaw in present times; 00:00:42
  2. Information on the interviewee’s family; 00:02:30
  3. Life in the ghetto; leading the interviewee out of the ghetto; the Weizman family; the father’s visits; the parents’ deaths; 00:04:24
  4. Information on the families of the interviewee’s parents; 00:13:44
  5. Living with the Weizman family in Grochów; turning in of the hiding Jews by a neighbour; living with the Janiszewski family in Rembertów and return to the Weizman family; 00:17:01
  6. Placement of the Weizman family and the interviewee in a camp in Prószków; 00:21:41
  7. Hiding of a Jewish boy and woman by the Weizman family; 00:23:23
  8. Reunion with the family after the war and adoption of the interviewee; post-war fortunes of the father’s family; 00:24:32
  9. Marriage and employment; dismissal from work in 1968; divorce and decision to emigrate; 00:26:56
  10. Lack of sense of Jewish identity in Poland; no experiences of anti-Semitism before 1968; 00:28:13
  11. Awareness of the parents’ fortunes; contact with the Weizman family after the war; 00:32:18
  12. The interviewee’s real name; documents from the interviewee’s archives; 00:35:30
  13. Meeting with the ambassador of Israel; memories of 1968; the family of the interviewee’s first husband; wave of anti-Semitism; attitude of the interviewee’s mother-in-law; 00:40:15
  14. Family and suicide of the interviewee’s husband; 00:53:25
  15. Decision to emigrate; selection of Israel as the destination; views on Israel’s policies; 00:58:07
  16. The family of the interviewee’s mother residing in Israel; 01:04:24
  17. No thoughts of leaving before 1968; dismissal from work; 01:07:12
  18. Formalities connected with leaving; 01:11:22
  19. Journey to Israel; documents from the interviewee’s archives; 01:13:48
  20. The first weeks in Israel; education and employment; 01:17:43
  21. Reflection on the issue of emigration as well as own national and religious identity; 01:21:44
  22. The husband’s mezuzah; employment at an office in France; 01:27:22
  23. Lack of need to recover Polish citizenships; feelings connected with leaving; loss of doctoral thesis; 01:29:53
  24. Views on March 1968, society, responsibility for the March events; 01:36:35
  25. First visit to Poland since emigrating; 01:41:08
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