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Michał Hochman

Interlocutor name:
Michał
Interlocutor surname:
Hochman
Researcher:
Wioletta Wejman
Operator:
Grzegorz Liwiński
Catalogue number:
381
Recording date:
5th July 2017
Recording location:
Lublin
Recording duration:
01:19:05
Format:
Audio
Recording language:
Polish
Recording copyright:
POLIN Museum of the History of the Polish Jews
Project:
March’68 Participants and Witnesses

Related places

Interlocutor biogram

Michał Hochman was born in 1944 in Issyk-Kul, near Omsk, in the former USSR (now Kyrgyzstan). His parents came from the villages of Piaski and Siedliszcze, near Lublin. Following the outbreak of World War II, together with his older brother, his family from the Germans to Soviet-occupied territory. From there, they were deported to Siberia, from where they managed to return to Poland in 1946. Initially, they reached Wrocław, however they settled in Lublin shortly after.

In Lublin, the Hochman family lived on ulica Lubartowska and then on Krakowski Przedmieście. His sister, Irena, was born in 1948. Michał Hochman finished primary school in Lublin and the attended the Jan Zamoyski Comprehensive High School. He was already passionate about music in his early childhood. At the end of the 1950’s, he began performing and quickly gained popularity, winning many awards in regional and national piano competitions. Playing “Konik na biegunach”, he qualified to play at the 2nd Polish Song Festival in Opole.

Influenced by the 1968 antisemitic campaign, the Hochman family decided to leave Poland. Despite his developing musical career and his continuing geography studies at UMCS, he left the country in October 1968, less than a month after his parents and siblings. Via Warsaw, he arrived in Vienna and, from there, he headed for New York. For a time, he had difficulties in continuing his artistic activities. However, after overcoming them, he composes and plays concerts in the United States and in Poland. In 1986, he gave his first concert in Lublin since emigrating. He has returned many times to Poland and has an apartment in Warsaw.

Recording summary

  1. Information about his parents’ background, his family’s repatriation in 1946, his childhood in Lublin; 00:00:40
  2. Jews in Lublin after World War II, his memories of neighbours and the TSKŻ; 00:07:05
  3. The wartime trauma of his parents and their friends; 00:10:50
  4. His father’s work, means of supporting the family; 00:13:49
  5. Living conditions in Lublin in the 1950’s and 1960’s; 00:17:24
  6. Encounters with antisemitism before March’68; 00:20:14
  7. His interest in music and the beginning of his musical career in Poland, the continuation of his career in the USA; 00:25:05
  8. His recollections of March’68, the decision to leave Poland, preparing to leave for the USA; 00:33:51
  9. Antisemitism during March’68 his own experiences and that of his family; 00:43:40
  10. The mood in his family before leaving Poland, the reactions of his friends to his decision to leave; 00:47:15
  11. The formalities and procedures prior to leaving, the journey to Vienna and to the USA; 00:50:52
  12. Thoughts and reflections relating to his emigration, his longing for Poland, his ties to Poland after emigrating from the country; 01:25:25
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