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Legendy i opowiadania

Społeczność żydowska przed 1989 – Legendy i opowiadania
Polska / podkarpackie

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“[…] The massive inflow of Jews had a great influence on the developing town. They were the first to start the construction of wooden houses of an urban character and by 1939 amassed almost the entire trade.. […] As taverns-keepers or bankers, the Jews had an insight into the private lives of the locals and were well aware of any issues in Błażowa. Therefore, they often served as “advisors” not only to their customers, but also to a village-mayor. They were first to open mail that reached the municipality; they gave advice to the village-mayors, and then mayors on how to deal with each case […]. The oldest tavern located next to the municipality office, called austeria, played a major role in settling official matters. There, its owner, a Jewish tavern-keeper, and a village-mayor reached conclusions of the talks started in the office. Disputes between neighbors were also settled over a bottle. […] Coming back to the internal problems of the Błażowa municipality, elections to the town council are worth mentioning. Contrary to a majority of the Błażowa’s inhabitants, the Jews were highly interested in elections. They organized them thoughtfully. The voters were divided into circles depending on the imposed taxes. The first one consisted of 99% Jews, the second of 80%, the third 20%. The fourth circle was composed of the poorest villagers, who rarely participated in the elections. If the candidate for the mayor was not supported by the Jews, he lost the chance of obtaining the required majority of votes. The village-mayor elections were held by a delegate of the authorities, called a commissioner, who himself recorded votes cast for each of the candidates. The voting was open to the public, and often interrupted by fights between supporters of different parties. Bribing was so common that once, a day before the elections were held, the Jews had invited the candidate for mayor to their place and demanded a generous donation to the kehilla in return for their support. […] ”[1.1]

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[1.1] Brzęk-Piszczowa Rena, Błażowa niegdyś i dzisiaj: zarys popularno-naukowy, Rzeszów 1978, p. 65-66

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