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Pakość

Polska / kujawsko-pomorskie

בתי כנסת, בתי תפילה ועוד בתי קברות אתרי זכרון ליהודים שנרצחו יודאיקה במוזיאונים אחר

סכום

פרובינציה:kujawsko-pomorskie / pomorskie (לפני 1939)
מחוז:inowrocławski / inowrocławski (לפני 1939)
קהילה:Pakość / Pakość (לפני 1939)
שמות אחרים:Pakosch
 
GPS:
52.8013° N / 18.0851° E
52°48'04" N / 18°05'06" E

מקום

Tomasz Kawski

The city is situated in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province, at the left shore of the Noteć River, on the edge of the Gniezno Lakeland, between the Pakoski and Mielno Lakes. Historically it was situated in Pałuki.

Distances: Gniezno 48 km, Warsaw 224 km, Łódź 163 km, Bydgoszcz 43 km, Poznań 105 km.

 

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היסטוריה

Tomasz Kawski

Ten sklep należał do rodziny pana Dattla | nieznany

The Jews appeared in Pakość in the 15th century or at the turn of 15th and 16th centuries. In 1507 they were obligated to pay a coronation tax. In 1519, Kalman from Pakość had a sit seat in the committee, which debated in Inowrocław on about paying a ground rent to thea king for 1519-1521. In 1546 Izaak Pakosth was obligated by a king's mandate to take the oath, that he will pay a given price for goods purchased from Mikołaj Mrowiński. Izaak was accused of not meeting his obligations by the aldermen of Lublin. During 1564-1565 in a kehilla existed in Pakość existed a kehilla. A Both a synagogue and a school functioned. In the 16th cantury century also a cemetery also functined there. In 1565 the Jewish poll tax was paid in Pakość by 140 people. In 1569 king King Augustus made paid over 50 PLN to his servant, which was a part of the Jewish rent of e.g. the Jews from Pakość. In 1564-1565 the Jews from Pakość paid 25 florins for a rent. On the 31st of October 1629 the elders of the kehilla Dawid and Izrael Lapay made an oath in front of the city owner's representatives, concerning the honest collection of taxes „of every kind of trade, alcohol, and other various goods sales“ from his fellow believers. Between 1641-1642 a Jew from Pakość was registered in Gdańsk, he came there from for the economic reasons. In the autumn of 1656 after the seizure of the city by Stefan Czarniecki's Polish Army and , oin the 14th of May the massacrea pogrom against of the Jews took place. During the Polish-Swedish War many elements of the kehilla's infrastructure were destroyed: a school, a synagogue, and a cemetery. The Jewish kehilla did not existed any more. In the 18th century macevahs from the Jewish cemetery were used to build Calvary chapels. The Jews began to settle there once more time after 1812. The Articles of the Association of the Jewish Congregation in Pakość was approved on the 22nd of August 1834 (amended on the 24th of February and 4th of May 1870, 13th of June and 29th of September 1893). In that times the kehilla consisted of 89 members. Apart from Pakość, in on its borders the village of Rybitwy village was situated. At the beginning of the 19th century a synagogue was built in by the timber framing method. In 1903 it was came under the threat of collapse. It was replaced by, consecrated on the 17th of August 1904, a new solid building. D

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היסטוריה מקומית

Tomasz Kawski

Geographical and administrative location:

Until the 18th century the Kingdom of Poland

1773-1807 Prussia, Netze District

1807-1815 the Duchy of Warsaw

1815-1919 Prussia (Germany), the Grand Duchy of Posen (Poznań Province), Bydgoszcz Regency

1919-1939 Poland, Poznań Province (1919-1938), Pomeranina Province (1938-1939), Inowrocław District

1939-1945 Germany (Third Reich), the Reichsgau Wartheland Province, Inowrocław Regency

1945-1998 Bydgoszcz Province, Inowrocław District

Since 1999 the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province, Inowrocław District

During the early Middle Ages at the area of today's Pakość there had existed a grad, which protected the crossing of the Noteć River. The earliest mention from 1259 provides information of its reconstruction by Casimir prince of the Pomerania and Pomeranian Sviatopolk. The early Middle Ages settlement of Pakość was in fact a settling agglomeration consisting of two grads, from which one dated back to 1259, two open settlements and three bridges; battles were conducted between princes of the Greater Poland and the Kuyavia for the settlement. At the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries a church dedicated to St. Jacob was built, and in the 13th century a parish was established. The founders of the grad and settlement were most probably members of the chivalrous clan of Awdaniec. In the 13th century owners of Pakość had changed many times. At last, during the 1280s, princes of Greater Poland granted the settlement to the knights from the Wyszelicz clan. Since 1325 its owner had been Bogumił from the Leszczyc clan, and later on Wojciech and Hektor from the Kościelec clan. On 26th of March 1356 Casimir the Great resigned from the rights to the grad and transferred it to a commander, Wojciech Lesszczyna, and granted him an extensive immunity. On the 9th of February 1359 Casimir the Great granted city rights to Pakość on the Magdeburg Law. In the 13th century the Pakość parish was established. In 1660 an owner of Pakość, Zygmunt Działyński, made a journey to the Holy Land. At the beginning of the 16th century another church dedicated to the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary was established. The church of St. Jacob between 1564-1598 was occupieed by the Unity ot the Brethren, who had settled in Pakość. Finaly, it fell into disrepair in the 18th century. In

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