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Maszewo

Polska / zachodniopomorskie

בתי כנסת, בתי תפילה ועוד בתי קברות אתרי זכרון ליהודים שנרצחו יודאיקה במוזיאונים אחר

סכום

פרובינציה:zachodniopomorskie / inne (לפני 1939)
מחוז:goleniowski / nowogardzki (לפני 1939)
קהילה:Maszewo / Massow (לפני 1939)
שמות אחרים:niem. Massow
 
GPS:
53.4963° N / 15.0612° E
53°29'46" N / 15°03'40" E

מקום

Małgorzata Grzenda

Maszewo is a town situated in West Pomerania Province, Goleniów County. It lies in the Nowograd Plain. Maszewo municipality has a typical rural character and its main asset lies in its ecotourism. The diversified ecological landscape is a major attraction, especially since the town is situated close to the Goleniów forest and lakes rich in aquatic life. Maszewo as a town is listed in the Register of Historic Monuments.

עוד

היסטוריה

Małgorzata Grzenda

The first settlers of Jewish origin appeared in Maszewo in the 17th century. In 1705 there were six Jews in the town. Their names are listed in the book. A year later during the election of Jewish elders in Stargard Szczeciński, the Jews from Maszewo were represented by Lewin Boas whose signature can be found on the meeting report. As none of the Jews from Maszewo had binding privileges, they were all forced to leave the town by virtue of the binding laws and were never heard of after that. It was not until 1712 that the payment of 6 thalers was set for Jews who wanted to settle in Maszewo. Arndt Jochim (Aron ben Chajim) was the first one to receive the privilege to settle in the town on 1 June 1705. It is not known, though, when he arrived in the town, as his name is not listed among those who in this year had already lived in the town. Between the years 1718 and 1728 another privilege was granted to Simon Salomon. However, the report from that period informs that he was kept in prison in Szczecin at that time. The reason why he was convicted is unknown but most probably he lost his privilege before 1731. After the death of Arndt Jochim, the widow of the deceased and her son Wulf Arndt were still living in Maszewo in 1728. In the same year there were four other Jews in the town apart from them who paid 58 thalers and 6 groschen in total for protection. Their names along with the amount of payments that each of them was obliged to pay are listed in the book. As it is known from the magistrate’s report of Węgorzewo town (Wangerin) the daughter of Wulff Samuel married Hirsch Levin residing in Maszewo. Two years later there were the only Jewish family living in Maszewo and in 1764 their number increased to six people. Data from the following year show that the town was inhabited by 14 men of Jewish descent. All the names with the data presenting the amount of payments in 1765 are printed in the book. At the same time it must be noted that in the documents from different years the name of Arendt and Arnd are spelled differently although these refer to the same people. In these registers there is no data concerning women of Jewish origin. By virtue of the regulation of 1765, Jews were forbidden to trade in sugar and a year later additional taxes were levied on them as the Berlin government was planning to use the money for the construction of new factories. T

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היסטוריה מקומית

Małgorzata Grzenda

Maszewo - Baszta Francuska | marmur

The first mention of the town of Maszewo appeared in 1232 in the document signed by the parish priest Bertram from Maszewo, among others, and the oldest traces of the settlement in this area probably come from the 10th century. A fortified town was standing there at that time, and an open settlement developed in its neighborhood. This open settlement was the first stages of the town’s development. The existence of the fortified town is confirmed by the document from 1334 concerning the sale of a section of land situated near the embankment of the old town. The fortified town with its inhabitants belonged to Pomeranian Duchy and until the middle of the 13th century it was under the rule of the Gryfit family. It is possible that in that period, in 1248, Maszewo was handed over to Kamieńskie diocese when the neighboring Land Stargard was placed by the dukes under the dominion of the Pomeranian bishops. In 1253 a new name appeared in the sources, the name of Duke Konrad von Massow who adopted the name of the town as its own. He is most likely to have been the founder of the medieval town although the beginnings of its foundation are not clear. The family von Massow had been linked to the history of Maszewo until 1334 when Konrad von Massow out of unknown reasons sold a part of the old settlement to the Kamień bishops and since that time the name of this family ceased to appear in connection with the history of the town. The document granting the Charter to Maszewo under the law of Magdeburg was issued by the Bishop Herman von Gleichen in 1278. As part of the municipal charter the inhabitants of Maszewo received 100 lans of land and 30 lans of meadows. Four years later Duke Bogusław IV confirming this privilege relieved the townsmen from paying the bridge and the road tariff in the area of Szczecin Duchy. Shortly afterwards, in 1286, the bishop Herman granted municipal rights to Maszewo again but this time under the Lubusz law. This event involved granting judicial privileges to the town as well as the right to possess mills and windmills and to catch fish in the Warszowskie Lake and to collect tolls overland. The town was administered on behalf of the bishop by the council that from 1290 consisted of townsmen representatives. Town planning, which started at the end of the 13th century lasted until the first years of the 14th century and in the second ha

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