Polska / mazowieckie
|בתי כנסת, בתי תפילה ועוד||בתי קברות||אתרי זכרון ליהודים שנרצחו||יודאיקה במוזיאונים||אחר|
|פרובינציה:||mazowieckie / kieleckie (לפני 1939)|
|מחוז:||kozienicki / kozienicki (לפני 1939)|
|קהילה:||Magnuszew / Magnuszew (לפני 1939)|
The commune village of Magnuszew is situated in Kozienice County, Masovian Voivodeship, with 800 inhabitants (as of 1998).
The first Jews started to settle down in Magnuszew after 1793.
In the 19th century a wooden synagogue was erected. In 1827, 330 Jews lived here (33% of the whole population).In 1913, 1.702 Jewish people lived here, which made 53% of the whole population. There was a strong influence of the Hasidic movement in this region.
In the interwar period, in 1921, 731 Jews lived here (46% of the population). There was a synagogue, mikvah and cheder here.
During World War II, in September 1939 Mgnuszew was taken over by German army.
In January 1942, the Germans opened a ghetto in Magnuszew. In October 1942, a ghetto closedown started. All the Jews were taken to the ghetto in Kozienice, and afterwards to the extermination camp in Treblinka.
The settlement of Magnuszew was established in the 12th century. In 1337, it was granted city rights, but lost them in 1655, when Magnuszew was completely burnt down by the Swedish Army. In 1776, King Stanisław August granted Chancellor Andrzej Zamoyski the privilege of establishing a town. Zamoyski used it to once again grant city rights to Magnuszew. Two years later, however, the town was destroyed in a fire.
In 1795, Magnuszew came under the Prussian rule. In 1807, it was annexed by the Duchy of Poland and in 1815 – by Congress Poland. In August 1944, the Soviet Army took Magnuszew and formed the so-called Warecko-Magnuszewski Bridgehead. During numerous battles, Magnuszew was almost completely brought to the ground. Currently, Magnuszew is a village in the Koziecki County (Mazowieckie Province).
Magnuszew, [in] Miasta polskie w tysiącleciu, ed. S. Andrzejewski et al, vol. 1, Wrocław 1967, p. 518.
Magnuszew, [in] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, vol. 5, ed. F. Sulimierski, B. Chlebowski, W. Walewski, Warsaw 1884, p. 897.
A. Oziembło, P. Szymańska, A. Wiączek, Magnuszew oczami historii…, Klub Miłośników Ziemi Magnuszewskiej [online] http://www.magnuszew.info/images/stories/2008/Magnuszew-historia.pdf [Accessed: 31.07.2015].