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Glossary

 
 

Anti-Jewish legislation in Poland

The anti-Jewish legislation in Poland: in the 30ies, in the period of nationalist tendencies growing stronger, the government was trying to introduce anti-Jewish resolutions. Directly aimed at the Jewish community was the law of limited ritual slaughter: animal rations for ritual slaughter were set depending on number of Jews in a given area. The law from 1939 of the completely banned ritual slaughter was not introduced because of the outbreak of the war. The introduction of ‘bench Ghetto’ in January 1937 did not follow from a law but a directive of the Minister of Religion and Public Enlightenment, which allowed vive-chancellors introducing regulations aiming at quieting the feelings at universities. Since students belonging to nationalist storm-troopers demanded ‘bench Ghetto’ to be introduced, it took place in most of the Polish universities. Indirectly aimed at Jews was the law of citizenship, March 1938. It deprived of the Polish citizenship those who spend five years abroad and lost contact with the statehood of Poland. Politicians did not make it secret that they wanted to avoid coming back of thousands of Jews from Germany.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.