Polska / śląskie
|Synagogues, prayer houses and others||Cemeteries||Sites of martyrdom||Judaica in museums||Andere|
|Province:||śląskie / inne (before 1939)|
|County:||zabrzański / Stadtkreis Hindenburg O.S (before 1939)|
|Community:||Zabrze / Hindenburg O.S (before 1939)|
|Other names:||Hindenburg [j. niemiecki]; זאבזיה [j. jidysz]; זאבז'ה [j. hebrajski]|
Adam Marczewski /
Zabrze – a city in southern Poland, in the Silesian Province, Zabrze County. It is located 22 km northwest of Katowice and 304 km southwest of Warsaw. It lies on the Silesian Highland, by the Kłodnica river and its tributary, the Bytomka.
Jews first appeared in Zabrze in 1771. The first mention related to a baptism which occurred on 13th October 1771, in the local St.Andrzej's church, when a certain Jew accepted the names Ignatius Mathias[1.1].
In 1776, the Prussian authorities ordered that, within one month, all Jews living on the left bank of the Oder River, were required to resettle onto the river's right bank. In this new area, they could only resettle in villages.
After a few years, in September 1779, the authorities changed their minds and ordered all the Jews to leave the villages and resettle in the cities. At that time, Gliwice was a major place of Jewish residence. On the 17th August 1780, the Wrocławska Kamera (office in charge of crown property) designated fives cities where Jews could live – Tarnowskie Góry, Mysłowice, Mikołów, Lubliniec and Bieruń Stary[1.2]. Information dating back to 1781 tells of two Jewish families moving from Zabrze. They were Jacob Loebel, who moved to Mysłowice, and Elias Benjamin, who ended up in Gliwice[1.1].
In 1787, the Pussian authorities repealed the order requiring that Jews resettle to designated cities, since the cities which they had left then suffered extreme economic losses. Documents from 1788 tell of the marriage of Johan Stein of Mikulczyce to Catharina Elgotowisch, daughter of Adalbert of Małe Zabrze[1.4]. Also the 1790, the Prussian Generalne Tabele mention the presence of Jews in Zabrze in that year.
In 1790, on the recommendation of the Higher Office of Mining in Wrocław, mining engineer Salomon Izaac of Brabant worked in the region around the Śląsk cities of Zabrze, Chorzów and Rudy Śląsk. He w
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