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Skoczów

Polska / śląskie

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Summary

Province:śląskie / śląskie autonomiczne (before 1939)
County:cieszyński / cieszyński (before 1939)
Community:Skoczów / Skoczów (before 1939)
Other names:Skotschau [j.niemiecki]
Skočov [j.czeski]
סקוצ'וב [j.hebrajski]
Скочув [j.rosyjski]
 
GPS:
49.8027° N / 18.7904° E
49°48'09" N / 18°47'25" E

Location

Izrael badacz

Herb miasta Skoczów | Poznaniak

Skoczów is a town that lies in Cieszyn County in Silesia. There are 15,000 inhabitants, according to data from 1998. It is situated in Silesian Foothills, on both banks of the Vistula.

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History

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At the beginning of the 18th century a name of the first Jew living in Skoczów was mentioned in historic documents – Jakub Abraham Singer. In 1790 there were 3 tolerable Jewish families in Skoczów and in the neighborhood there were 10 families without an official residence permit. In 1853 the synagogue was built in Skoczów and in 1893 an autonomous Jewish community was established. In 1914 in Skoczów there were 600 Jews that made 15% of all inhabitants.
During World War II, as early as in September 1939 the Germans sent all Jews from Skoczów to ghettos in Silesia and later to death camps. The burnt synagogue was demolished during the occupation.

 

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Local history

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In this place in the 8th-9th centuries there was already a grad (Slavic settlement) inhabited by the tribe of Golęszyce. According to legends, Skoczów was founded in 917. However, the oldest written note dates back to 1232. By 1327 Skoczów was granted a charter and it developed as an agricultural – craft – trade settlement. The town obtained much income from trade due to a favorable location of the town by the salt route from Cracow to Morawy. 

From the end of the 13th century Skoczów was under the Czech rule. 

During the World War II the town was seriously damaged during fights in winter 1945 when Skoczów was liberated by the Soviet Army. 65% of buildings were damaged then.

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