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Przysucha

Polska / mazowieckie

Synagogues, prayer houses and others Cemeteries Sites of martyrdom Judaica in museums Andere

Summary

Province:mazowieckie / kieleckie (before 1939)
County:przysuski / opoczyński (before 1939)
Community:Przysucha / (before 1939)
Other names:Pshischa פרשיסחא [jidysz]
Пшисуха [j. rosyjski]
 
GPS:
51.3578° N / 20.6317° E
51°21'27" N / 20°37'54" E

Location

Izrael badacz

Przysucha is the capital of Przysucha County, in Masovian Voivodeship, with 6.200 inhabitants ( as of 2006).

It is located at the foot of Opaczyński Hills, at the borderline of Radom Plain and Gielniowski Prominence.

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History

diapozytyw.pl

After over half a century from establishing the Jewish quarter, as many as 105 Jewish families lived in Przysucha, so it was necessary to build a synagogue. It was erected in 1777 and was considered “great” by visitors. It is an extensive brick building designed on a plan of a rectangle of 20 x 30 meters in the Classicistic style. In the interior design, a “nine-field” solution was applied, which is typical of Polish synagogues, where the central part of the ceiling is supported by four columns linked by arcades, which also delimit the place for the bimah.

Przysucha became a well-known in Jewish circles when the famous tzaddik Jacob Isaac ben Asher (called The Holy Jew by his contemporaries) settled in the town. At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, the city was a center to the Chasidic movement.

The tzaddik's famous home drew the faithful from the area around Kielce and from all over Mazovia as well. So great was his popularity that many decided to settle close by, thus greatly contributing to the growth of the city's Jewish population. In 1939 Jews accounted for some 65% of the population.

During the German occupation of Poland, the Jewish residents of Przysuchy were exterminated. The city's ghetto was created in 1942 and eventually held 5000 souls, who in the fall of that year were sent to their deaths at Treblinka.

 

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Local history

Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN

Przysucha | Marcin Wygocki

Osiedle wzmiankowane 1415; prawa miejskie 1710; w XVIII w. ośrodek górn.-hutniczy (złoża rud żelaza); od 1795 w zaborze austr., od 1809 w Księstwie Warsz., od 1815 w zaborze ros. (Królestwo Pol.); od XVIII w. liczne skupisko Żydów; od pocz. XIX w. znany ośrodek chasydzki, skupiony wokół cadyków: Abrahama z Przysuchy, Jakuba Izaaka zw. Świętym Żydem i Symchy Bunema (1939 ok. 2,5 tys. Żydów — ok. 65% mieszk.); w 2. poł. XIX w. upadek hutnictwa wskutek braku połączeń kol.; 1870 utrata praw miejskich; od 1918 pierwsza w Polsce średnia szkoła spółdzielcza; lokalny ośrodek handl.-rzem., zamieszkany gł. przez Żydów. W czasie okupacji niem., VIII–X 1942 getto (ponad 5 tys. osób wywiezionych do ośrodka zagłady w Treblince); 1939–40 rejon działań hubalczyków, 1942–44 — oddziałów partyzanckich; 26 IX 1944 bitwa 25. i 74. pułku AK w lasach koło Przysuchy z niem. ekspedycją przeciwpartyzancką — partyzanci przełamali pierścień obławy i wyszli z okrążenia. Od 1948–49 połączenie kol.; od 1958 ponownie miasto; 1956–75 i od 1999 siedziba powiatu. Miejsce urodzenia (1814) etnografa O. Kolberga.

Treść hasła została przygotowana na podstawie materiałów źródłowych PWN.

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