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Polska / podkarpackie

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Province:podkarpackie / lwowskie (before 1939)
County:lubaczowski / lubaczowski (before 1939)
Community:Lubaczów / Lubaczów (before 1939)
Other names:ליבעטשויוו [j. jidysz]; Lubaczów [j. niemiecki]
50.1564° N / 23.1239° E
50°09'22" N / 23°07'25" E


Andrzej Potocki

Location- google map, it is marked on the portal. Lubaczow (50°10’ N, 23°08’ E) is located in the eastern part of the Podkarpackie voivodeship, middle part of the Lubaczowskie county. The city lies on the Tarnogrodzki plateau at the mouth of a small river Sołotwa where it joins the river Lubaczowka (a tribuary of San), near the border with Ukraine. In 1975-1998 the city administratively belonged to Przemyskie voivodeship. Lubaczow neighbours Olszyce, Lubaczow and Cieszanow boroughs.



Andrzej Potocki

View of the Beit Midrash (house of study) in Lubaczow | unknown

Lubaczow – the Jewish constituency (okręg metrykalny), the Jewish commune of believers, the juridical district Cieszanow. In 1900 the borough included: Lower Basznia (Polish: Basznia Dolna) with Tymce and Ruda, Upper Basznia (Polish: Basznia Gorna) with Czerwinki, Solotwina and Malce, Bihale with Sople and Glinki, Upper Borowa (Polish: Borowa Gorna), Burgas, Dabrowa with Kornagi, Szutki with Ruda Szutkowska, Fehlbach, Felsendorf, Kobylnica Ruska with Kamienisko and Rustyk, Kobylnica Woloska with Hryckowa, Mielniki, Szczeble and Pidlozy, Krowica Kolodowska with Cetynia, Krowica Lasowa, Krowica Sama, Lipowiec with Majdan and Lindanau, Lisie Jamy with Niwki, Lubaczow with Balaje, Huszcze, Mokrzyca and Zuki, Lukawiec, Mielniki with Hryckowa and Szczeble, Mlodow with Antoniki, Opaka, Ostrowiec with Wojtowszczyzna, Richau, Sieniawka, Szczutkow with Sysaki, Załuze. 

Josek Szachny, a Jew from Lwow, in 1498, held the lease for the collection of Lubaczow municipal fees. In 1523, the Jews of Lubaczow were forbidden to brew beer and to trade, perhaps not even in nearby villages. In 1538, 18 Jewish families lived in the town and in 1562 they were in possession of only two households. In the years 1618 -1621 a Jew named Szapsaj was a leaseholder of Lubaczow castle mills, brewery and distillery. In 1618, the residents of Lubaczow demonstrated against the permission which Szapsaj had been given by the starost of Lubaczow. Moreover, peasants from Lubliniec complained about the poor quality of beer which was produced by them.
In 1630, merely five Jewish families lived in Lubaczow, whereas in 1648 approximately 120 residents of Jewish heritage lived in the town. In 1643, only three out of 130 houses in the town belonged to Jews but they were already in possession of a prayer house, which was attended by the Jews of Oleczyca as well. However, the vetting of 1662, do not mention the Jewish families living in the town at all. It is probable that it was due to the Chmielnicki Uprising and Polish-Swedish wars which desolated a vast number of towns in the region. In 1676, just five Jews were reported to be living in the town. At the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries, a mystic called Rabi Szymon, which was acknowledged as being a saint; starved himself to death while he was obeying a strict penance he had imposed on himself. It is also from this period o


Local history

Andrzej Potocki

In the primary records Lubaczow appeared under the name Lubacew (Ljubacew), while since 1376 it was referred to as Lubaczow. It was probably named after Lubacz who was primarily the owner of Lubaczow. The place was the part of Grody Czerwienskie belonging to the Ledzianie family, later the part of the eastern borderland of the Piasts’ State (Panstwo Piastow).

The place was well situated in the network of roads. Lubaczow appeared under the name Lobeschov in the Torunskie roads register from around 1350- 1360 as a trade hub located between Kruszow and Grodek. The organisation of Lubaczow as a territorial entity was already finished at the beginning of the XIII century which is shown in a reference in Halicko- Wołyński latopis under 1211 (in fact it was 1214) which was saing about a treaty between Paland and Hungary concerning Rus Halicka. Not only was this reference a certificate of longevity of Lubaczow but also a proof of its meaning; only a dozen or so of the centres in this region have been granted this honor.

Under the year 1225 Lubaczow was mentioned once again in latopisduring the conflict between the duke Danił Romanowicz and Leszek Biały with the duke Aleksander Wsiewolodysz, the ruler of Bełz and the duke Mscisław Mscisłowicz who ruled Halicz.

Around 1360 a fortified wooden castle was raised in Lubaczow. It became the centre of the management over royal properties during the partition of Poland (Polish: starostwo). In 1370 the city was passed under the Hungarian rule held by the Polish duke Władysław since 1372.

In spite of his short rule the duke is mentioned in the history of Lubaczow as an initiator and a creator of its lacation (obtaining the rights and privilages of a city). In 1376 Mikołaj Zybut from Lublin with the duke’s permission located the city Lubaczów here. Lubaczow obtained the rights of a city as the first place in the whole Belzka land. The city received the location according to the Magdeburskie law 80 lanowof land and numerous privilages. In the second part of the XIV century it possessed two parishes, one of the orthodox and one of the Latine rite.

In 1523 the king Zygmunt Stary confirmed the conferment of the Magdeburskie law at the same time granting it the right to weekly markets and three fairs a year; Lubaczow obtained some other rights in turns of 1533 and 1572. From now o





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