Polska / zachodniopomorskie
|Synagogues, prayer houses and others||Cemeteries||Places of martyrology||Judaica in museums||Andere|
|Province:||zachodniopomorskie / inne (before 1939)|
|County:||gryfiński / Greifenhagen (before 1939)|
|Community:||Cedynia / Zehden (before 1939)|
Robert Dziemba /
Cedynia (German: Zenden) – located in the western most part of Poland , in Zachodniopomorskie Province, Gryfino County, the principal town of the urban and rural administrative area. It lies in the western part of Myśliborskie Lake District on the slopes of the Krzymowskie Hills that reach up to 60 meters above sea level. During the years 1946 – 1998 administratively it was part of Szczecińskie Province. According to the data from 01.01.2009 the town’s area is 1.67 km². In 2010 the population of Cedynia numbered 1624.
Miłosz Gudra /
The earliest historical mention of Jews living in Cedynia (known at that time as Zehden) dates back to 1801. At the time, there were 28 Jewish residents in the town, but in the following years the number dropped. In 1858 there were 22 Jewish residents, and in 1903 only 9. In 1930 during the interwar period, there were as few as 6 Jewish residents. There was never a big synagogue built in the city, so the Jews prayed in a private prayer house. There was a Jewish cemetery though, which probably opened in the 19th century. Jews were mainly salesmen, craftsmen, and tavern-keepers. Most of the Jewish residents lived near the cemetery on Kościuszki Street and Chrobrego Street. .
Cedydia is a small but important town for the history of Poland. The oldest grad name – „Cidini” was first mentioned in historical documents in 972, though the settlement had already existed in about 3500 BC. It was a grad which protected local population from invasions.
On the 24th June 927 the Battle of Cedynia, one of the most important battles in the shaping Poland, took place there. Thietmar, a local German historian wrote about that event: “Meanwhile a dignified margrave Hodo, gathering the army, attacked Mieszko, who was faithful to the Emperor, and was paying tribute to the Warta River. In order to help the margrave only my father, Graf Zygfryd, with his people hurried, then young and not married. When, in the day of John the Baptist they fought against Mieszko, they won immediately, however later on in the town called Cidini his brother Czcibor defeated them, killing all the best knights, with the exception of the mentioned Grafs. The Emperor filled with compassion by the information of that failure, sent couriers, imposing on Hodo and Mieszko, under a prosecution of losing their favor, to keep peace until he would arrive there and personally investigate that case”.
A local historian depreciated the role of the Polish ruler in the battle. The country of the Polans more and more often threatened the capital of Pomerania – Wolin. The failure of the Saxon Eastern March terminated Hodon’s plans to conquer Pomerania and strengthen Wolin in order to put up resistance against Mieszko I’s wars. The political and psychological overtones of the Saxons’ failure with Mieszko were also very important, tha is why Cedynia was mentioned in Middle Age parchments.
In the second half of the 13th century Cedynia belonged to Brandenburg. In 1299 the settlement was granted town rights. In the 15th century Cedynia, similarllly to other nearby villages, was under the reign of the Teutonic Knights . During the Swedish Deluge the city was totally destroyed and plundered. In the 18th century Cedynia belonged to Prussia.
Between 25th – 27th March 1945 one of the most important battles of the Pomeranian Campaign took place near Cedynia. The soldiers of Wehrmacht filled the posts on a curve of the Odra River.
It was a strategic movement, which aim was to block the