Polska / łódzkie
|Synagogues, prayer houses and others||Cemeteries||Sites of martyrdom||Judaica in museums||Andere|
|Province:||łódzkie / łódzkie (before 1939)|
|County:||brzeziński / brzeziński (before 1939)|
|Community:||Brzeziny / Brzeziny (before 1939)|
|Other names:||Brezin [jidysz]|
Lowenstadt [j. niemiecki] (od 1939 do 1945)
The town is located in Brzeziny County, Łódzkie Province, on the river Mrożyca.
K. Bielawski /
The earliest mentions of the Jewish settlements in Brzeziny come from the mid-16th century. Jewish Street is mentioned in the document from 1547 . Jerzy Kołodziej assumes that at least several dozen Jews lived in Brzeziny at that time. They propably traded in wool, cloth, and worked in job centres . In the 16th century, Jews from Brzeziny were subject to Jewish Community Co-operative in Łęczyca .
In 1626, there was to be a pogrom in Brzeziny. Five Jews were killed, as a result of being accused of alleged ritual murder . Another pogrom was probably in 1656, when troops of Stefan Czarnecki murdered about 40 Jewish families. According to Paul Fijalkowski, the number of people killed was probably higher, and among the victims were also refugees from other cities . The author assumes that the Jewish community in Brzeziny revived before the end of the 17th century [refr:|P. Fijałkowski, Żydzi w województwach łęczyckim i rawskim w XV-XVIII w., (1999), 62]].
There exists a document from 1736 mentioning the Jewish citizens, which is connected with the trial against the city, started by Łęczyckie Province because of non-payment of taxes . The further information comes from 1741. It mentiones Joseph Marklowicz and Joseph Pellitor. More detailed background information comes from 1758, and relates to tenancy agreements between the owner of the city Joseph Lasocki and Hersz from Brzeziny, Joseph Markowicz, Mejer Lewkowicz and Izrael Kuciński. . The first census of the Jewish population was conducted on15 December 1764. It reported 203 people of the Jewish faith, residing in the city and surrounding villages. They comprised 7% of the total population of the region. At that time, the Jews occupied 25 houses in the town.
The census of 1764 also includes information about professional activity of the Jews. The following are listed: Mosiek Gierszowicz – a snuff maker, Jakub Jolewicz – a market tenant in the town of Brzeziny, Mortka Mortkowicz – a bagel seller, Józef Abramowicz – a tailor, Zelig Lewkowicz – a butcher, Szloma Lewkowicz – a hatter, Icek Lajzerowicz – a tavern- keeper, and Enoch Judkowicz – a beer maker. The Jews who inhabited the surrounding villages: Wiączynie, Mileszki, Bedoń, Witkowice, Przanowice, Koluszki, Kędziorki, Stawki and the mill Rochna, also belonged to the Jewish Community Co-operative in Brzeziny. All
Miastem zaopiekowali się:
Fay R. Bussgang
In memory of my father, Joseph Vogel, born 1890 in Brzeziny as Hersz Bursztajn. To commemorate the town in which he was born, I edited and coordinated the translation from Yiddish into English of the Brzeziny Yizkor Book. I have recently formatted the English translation, which is now available through www.Amazon.com as part of the Yizkor Books in Print Project of JewishGen, Inc.
With your financial contribution towards the development of a town description, a photo documentation or other activities, you will be awarded a donation certificate.