Polska / łódzkie
|Synagogues, prayer houses and others||Cemeteries||Sites of martyrdom||Judaica in museums||Andere|
|Province:||łódzkie / łódzkie (before 1939)|
|County:||brzeziński / brzeziński (before 1939)|
|Community:||Brzeziny / Brzeziny (before 1939)|
|Other names:||Brezin [jidysz]|
Lowenstadt [j. niemiecki] (od 1939 do 1945)
The town is located in Brzeziny County, Łódzkie Province, on the river Mrożyca.
K. Bielawski /
The earliest mention of a Jewish settlement in Brzeziny dates back to the mid-16th century. In the document on town division from 1547 Żydowska Street is mentioned. Jerzy Kołodziej presumes that there were at least several dozen Jews in Brzeziny at the time, and they possibly engaged in wool and clothing trade, or acted as job order intermediaries. In the 16th century local Jews belonged to the kahal in Łęczyca.
A pogrom is believed to have taken place in Brzeziny in 1626; five Jews, accused of ritual murder, were killed. Another pogrom took place probably in 1656, when Stefan Czarniecki’s army slaughtered about forty Jewish families. According to Paweł Fijałkowski the number of victims could have been much lower; there might also have been refugees from other localities amongst the victims. The author assumes that the Jewish community of Brzeziny was revived before the end of the 17th century.
A document from 1736 has been preserved; it refers to the trial against the town of Brzeziny, accused by the Łęczyca Province of failing to pay taxes. The document mentions Jewish townsfolk. The subsequent information goes back to 1741, when Józef Marklowicz and Józef Pellitor were mentioned. More specific historical sources from 1758 refer to lease agreements between the town owner Józef Lasocki and Hersz from Brzeziny, Józef Markowicz, Mejer Lewkowicz and Izrael Kuciński. The first census of the Jewish population was conducted on December 15, 1764. 203 people of Mosaic faith were registered; all residents of Brzeziny and the surrounding villages. They constituted 7% of the total population of the Brzeziny region. Jews occupied 25 houses in the town proper at the time of the census.
The census of 1764 comprised information on occupation of the Jewish residents. It lists the following: Mosiek Gierszowicz – tobacco merchant; Jakub Jolewicz – lease-holder of the Brzeziny market place; Mortka Mortkowicz – cracknel seller; Józef Abramowicz – tailor; Zelig Lewkowicz – butcher; Szloma Lewkowicz – hat maker; Icek Lajzerowicz – publican and Enoch Judkowicz – brewer. The kahal of Brzeziny also included Jews residing in the surrounding villages: Wiączyń, Mileszki, Bedoń, Witkowice, Przanowice, Koluszki, Kędziorki, Stawki and the Rochna mill. In total there were 40 Jews residing in the vicinity of Brzeziny. Ten years later the number of the Jewish residents
Miastem zaopiekowali się:
Fay R. Bussgang
In memory of my father, Joseph Vogel, born 1890 in Brzeziny as Hersz Bursztajn. To commemorate the town in which he was born, I edited and coordinated the translation from Yiddish into English of the Brzeziny Yizkor Book. I have recently formatted the English translation, which is now available through www.Amazon.com as part of the Yizkor Books in Print Project of JewishGen, Inc.
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