Polska / mazowieckie
|Synagogues, prayer houses and others||Cemeteries||Sites of martyrdom||Judaica in museums||Andere|
|Province:||mazowieckie / warszawskie (before 1939)|
|County:||warszawski zachodni / błoński (before 1939)|
|Community:||Błonie / Błonie (before 1939)|
|Other names:||בלוינא [j. jidysz]; בלוניה [j. hebrajski]; Блоне [j. rosyjski]|
Błonie is located in West-Warsaw County, in Masovian Voivodship. It has the population of 12.100 inhabitants (1998). It is located on Łowicz – Błonie Plain, on the Utrata River.
In 1862, 1.027 Jews lived here.
During World War II, in September 1939, it was occupied by the German Army. In November 1940 a ghetto was opened here, with about 2.100 Jews gathered in it. In February 1941 all the Jews were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto.
The town of Błonie appeared in 1257. In 1338 Błonie was granted its town charter based on that of Magdeburg. In 1380 it obtained its town charter again, based on that of Chełmno.
Towards the end of the 15th century, Błonie became a very important trade center. In the middle of the 17th century the town was destroyed by the Swedes. During the Kościuszko Insurrection (Uprising), in 1794, the Polish Army fought the Prussians near Błonie. Since 1795 the town was under Prussian rule, since 1807 it transferred to the Duchy of Warsaw, and since 1815 it belonged to the Kingdom of Poland (Congress Poland). During World War I Błonie was partly damaged.
During World War II, in September 1939, it was occupied by the German Army. Polish guerilla groups were active near Błonie.
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