Polska / dolnośląskie
|Synagogues, prayer houses and others||Cemeteries||Sites of martyrdom||Judaica in museums||Andere|
|Province:||dolnośląskie / inne (before 1939)|
|County:||oleśnicki / Oels (before 1939)|
|Community:||Bierutów / Bernstadt (before 1939)|
|Other names:||Bernstadt a.d. Weide) [j.niemiecki]|
The town of Bierutów is situated in the Oleśnica county, Lower Silesian Province. It is situated on the Oleśnicka Plain, on the Widawa River.
The first record of Jews living in Bierutowo comes from 1350. However, in 1583, the town was granted the de non tolerandis Judaeis privilege. Jews did not return to Bierutowo until the late 17th century. A Jewish kehilla was established in the late 18th century. Their earliest services were held in a rented room. From the begining of the 19th century they used a so-called „old synagogue“, but it was quickly reconstructed due to the substandard quality of the building. The new synagogue opened in 1809. There was also a cemetery in Bierutów. The old one was located outside the town. In 1765 the community received a plot of land for a new cemetery, near a place called „Birdsinging“ (Vogelsang). This cemetery was used until 1900.
The oldest mentions of the trade settlement Fürstenwald come from 1214. In 1266, the town of Fürstenwald was granted the municipal charter. Its advantageous position by the trade route from Wrocław to Kluczbork stimulated the town’s development. Since 1329, the town was under Czech rule, and its political situation resembled that of Silesia. In the 16th century, the town changed its name to Bieruthow. Since 1526, it belonged to the House of Habsburg. Since 1742 it was part of Prussia. It was when the town changed its name to Bernstadt. In the 18th century, the textile trade began to develop.
During WWII, Bernstadt was captured by the Soviet Army in January 1945. After the war, the town’s name was changed to Bierutów.
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