Polska / zachodniopomorskie
|Synagogues, prayer houses and others||Cemeteries||Sites of martyrdom||Judaica in museums||Andere|
|Province:||zachodniopomorskie / inne (before 1939)|
|County:||myśliborski / myśliborski (before 1939)|
|Community:||Barlinek / Barlinek (before 1939)|
|Other names:||Berlinchen [j.niemiecki]|
Barlinek – miasto położone w zachodniej Polsce, w województwie zachodniopomorskim, w powiecie myśliborskim. Odległe 31 km na północny wschód od Myśliborza, 104 km na południowy wschód od Szczecina, 496 km na północny zachód od Warszawy. Leży nad rzeką Młynówką.
Barlinek to niewielkie miasteczko znajdujące się w połowie drogi między Stargardem Szczecińskim (Stargard) a Gorzowem Wielkopolskim (Landsberg). Tamtejsza gmina żydowska istniała już pod koniec XIX wieku, a w roku 1880 liczyła ok. 130 członków. Jednak nasilające się procesy emigracyjne ludności doprowadziły do zmniejszenia się gminy tak, że przestała ona odgrywać jakiekolwiek znaczenie w życiu miasta.
Magdalena Wójcik /
Barlinek was established by knight Henryk Toyte based on a charter of January 25, 1278 signed by margraves of Brandenburg Otto V and Albrecht III. The town was a frontier stronghold, which was surrounded with the defensive walls in the mid -14th century. At that time the town had two gates: Myśliborska Gate (Soldiner Tor) and Młyńska Gate (Mühlentor). Over the years to follow it was a scene of a number of natural disasters including plagues and fires. The local residents occupied themselves with agriculture and cattle breeding. The crafts that developed in Barlinek included weaving, cloth making and flax trade, which continued to flourish until the 19th century. At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries a paper-mill operated in the town. In the 19th century that Barlinek became a significant economic center. At that time a plough factory and a tannery were established. Towards the end of the 19th century a railway line connecting Barlinek with Choszczno and Myślibórz was built.
Beginning from the Middle Ages Barlinek was a German town. During the years 1402-1454 it was part of lands being the property of the Teutonic Knights and then it was annexed by Brandenburg and remained in the hands of the House of Hohenzollern until the end of World War I. In 1701 the town found itself in Prussia and following 1871 – in Germany.
On January 31, 1945 the town was seized by the troops of the 12th Armored Corps of the Red Army. In the course of fighting Barlinek sustained severe damage losing over 50% of its buildings. Following 1945 the town found itself in Poland and the former German residents were displaced to the lands on the other side of the Oder River.
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