In 1759, the Jews were accused of the profanation of the church insignia[2.1], and in 1773 a compromise was reached between the town of Stopnica and the Jewish residents of the town on the rights and privileges granted by King August III[2.2].
In 1787, in Stopnica, there were 215 Jews who constituted 23.2% of the town’s entire population. The percentage increased in the 19th century. In 1827, the settlement had 2,061 inhabitants, including 1,014 Jews (49.2%). Shortly after the January Uprising, Stopnica had 2,390 residents, of whom 1,591 were Jewish – 833 women and 758 men[2.3]. Rabbi Icek Szwarc, with a salary of 200 rubles, performed a religious duty in the Jewish community in the 1880s. A number of Jews inhabited the town in the 19th century. The town suffered from another fire that broke out in 1855. At this time, the number of the Jewish inhabitants continued to grow. In 1857, Stopnica had 2,263 residents, including 1,504 Jews (living in 147 houses, of which only 43 were brick)[2.4]. In 1862, yet another fire destroyed the town, which was rebuilt in stone. At the time, Stopnica numbered 2,556 inhabitants, of whom 1,775 were Jewish (69.4%)[2.5].
In 1863, during the election to the Stopnica County council, the following people were included in the council in the Stopnica borough: Alojzy Fibich, Tomasz Włoszczewski, Napoleon Karol Zaborowski, Aleksander Kownacki, Piotr Królikiewicz, priest Teofil Kossowski, priest K. Wnorowski and a Jew from Stopnica Abraham Strauch[2.6].
In 1865, Stopnica was a government town inhabited by 2,990 people, including 917 Christians (30.7%) and 2,073 Jews (69.3%)[2.7].
The most popular activity among the Jews was trade. Merchants were the wealthiest, and at the same time, the smallest, by percentage, group in the town. In 1864, the land state administration drew up statistics that listed 341 merchants. The data about their wealth included only 19 merchants from Kielce and Stopnica Counties. Most of the merchants lived in Pińczów – six, then in Chęciny – five, in Stopnica and Wodziwsław – three, in Włoszczowa and Wiślica – one in each. All of them had resources in the form of real estate and goods to the amount of 190 to 13,600 silver rubles[2.8].
[2.1] Guldon Zenon, Krzystanek Karol, Ludność Żydowska w miastach lewobrzeżnej części województwo sandomierskiego w XVI i XVIII wieku, Kielce 1990, p. 31.
[2.2] Lustracja dóbr królewskich XVI-XVIII wieku. Małopolska. Lustracja województwa sandomierskiego 1789, Wrocław 1965, p. 106.
[2.3] APK (State Archive in Kielce), RGR (Radom Governorate), sign. 10 795.
[2.4] Leszczyński Jarosław Tadeusz, Stopnica, Kielce 2003, p. 36.
[2.5] Wiesław Caban, Społeczeństwo Kielecczyzny 1832–1864 – Studia nad strukturą i aktywnością gospodarczą ziemiaństwa, mieszczaństwa i Żydów, Kielce 1993, p. 168.
[2.6] Salomon Aleksandra, Rys historyczny dziejów Stopnicy, Kielce 1999, p. 46.
[2.7] Wiesław Caban, Społeczeństwo Kielecczyzny 1832–1864 – Studia nad strukturą i aktywnością gospodarczą ziemiaństwa, mieszczaństwa i Żydów, Kielce 1993, p. 129.
[2.8] Wiesław Caban, Społeczeństwo Kielecczyzny 1832–1864 – Studia nad strukturą i aktywnością gospodarczą ziemiaństwa, mieszczaństwa i Żydów, Kielce 1993, p. 176..
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