After the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the Polish-Austrian border was settled on the Wisła river near Kraków. The Austrian authorities decided then to establish a new administrative and economic centre in the Kraków area. It was located on rural land at the foot of the Lasota’s Mountain, opposite Kazimierz. The name of the new settlement, Podgórze (“Foothills”), refers to this fact. It was favourably situated along the roads from Kraków do Wieliczka and Skawina. In 1781, craftsmen and merchants started to settle there; the emperor’s certificate granted them numerous privileges (exemption from military service, freedom of religion, free allotment of land, tax exemptions and others). Podgórze developed rapidly. In 1784, it received a city charter from the emperor Joseph II and became a “free royal town”. In 1787, there were 108 houses and local traders competed with Kraków.
As a consequence of the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, also Kraków was incorporated to Austria. It had a negative influence on the development of Podgórze, which had already become a centre of trade-industrial character. In 1809, Podgórze and Kraków became a part of the Duchy of Warsaw. A year later, they first formed one administrative unit.
After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Podgórze was not included in the Republic of Kraków and was again separated from its neighbour and incorporated to a different country, namely Austria. After dissolving the Republic of Kraków in 1846, the geopolitical situation changed once more. The Austrians left Podgórze as a separate town and next began to build fortifications. Podgórze and Kraków were definitely joined only after the outbreak of World War I, on 22 August 1914. The actual process of incorporation took place between 1913-1915, not without some opposition from Podgórze.
- Dwa miasta, dwa brzegi: w 100. rocznicę połączenia Podgórza i Krakowa (1915–2015), Kraków (2015).
- Historia i zabytki Podgórza: II sesja popularno-naukowa, Kraków, 28 września 2001 r., Kraków (2001).
- R. Kiełkowski, Historie spod Kopca Krakusa, Kraków (1972).
- A. Krawczuk, O ojczyźnie mniejszej, Kraków (2002).
- Podgórze w dziejach wielkiego Krakowa: materiały sesji naukowej odbytej 17 kwietnia 1999 roku, Kraków (2000).
- W 90. rocznicę połączenia Podgórza i Krakowa: materiały VI Sesji Podgórskiej, Kraków (2005).
- X Sesja Podgórska: w 225-lecie lokacji miasta Podgórza i 100-lecie konsekracji kościoła św. Józefa, Kraków (2009).
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