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Translator name :Krzysztof Kwiecień

The atmosphere in town became unbearable for the local Jews. Those with more foresight decided to emigrate, first outside of Germany, and when travel abroad was no longer an option, mainly to Berlin. Some chose to seek refuge on other continents, such as Ibolika Slotowski (born 1901 in Budapest), a pianist who married Helmuth Slotowski and lived in Ełk. The Slotowski family managed to emigrate to Shanghai, but were both murdered there in 1940[3.1].

About 50 Jews born in Ełk County sought refuge in Berlin[3.2]. Many Jewish citizens of Ełk or those born there were killed in German concentration and death camps in Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Bełżc, Chełmno nad Nerem, Sachsenhausen, Stutthof, Ravensbrück, Dachau, Bergen Belsen, Trawniki, Majdanek, as well as Raasik, Bernburg, Königsberg, Głusko, and the ghettos of Theresienstadt, Kaunas, Riga, Warsaw, Łódź, Bełżyce, and Minsk. Overall, the Holocaust claimed the lives of 80 people from Ełk[3.3].

Among the Holocaust survivors were members of the following families: Alexandrowitz, Berl, Brenner, Czollek, Esenstaedt, Freyer, Guttfeld, Hammmerschmidt, Herrmann, Jacoby, Lewinski, Littwack, Rosenthal, Slotowski.

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[3.1] [refr:]Ibolika Slotowski, in: The Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names. Yad Vashem [online] [Accessed 06 April 2014]; Walter Slotowski, in: The Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names, in: Yad Vashem [online] [Accessed 06 April 2014].

[3.2] [refr:]A. Kossert, "Zur Geschichte der jüdischen Gemeinde im Kreis Lyck", in: "Hagen–Lycker Brief", 58 (2000), 61.

[3.3] [refr:]Memorial Book, in: Das Bundesarchiv [online], [accessed 06 April 2014]; The Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names, in: Yad Vashem [online], [accessed 06 April 2014].

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