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In the second half of 1944, Jews from the liquidated ghetto in Łódź and liquidated labour camps in Kielce and Radom Province (mainly Skarżysko-Kamienna) were transported to labour camps in Częstochowa. Consequently, the number of prisoners increased to about 10 000 people. On 15 and 16 January 1945, about 3 000 Jews were rapidly evacuated by railway transport to the concentration camps in the Third Reich (everyone died). 5 200 Jews were freed in Częstochowa. In concentration camps in Bergen-Belsen (15 April), Buchenwald (1 May) and Ravensbrück (5 May) about 3 000 Jews from Częstochowa were liberated[5.1].

After World War II, Częstochowa was inhabited by more than 5 thousand Jews. The group comprised of former prisoners of German concentration camps operating in Częstochowa and its surroundings during the war. The life of Jewish community revived in the town. Branches of various organizations were established in Częstochowa, including the Jewish Committee under the Central Committee of Polish Jews. There was opened a Jewish school, orphanages and a Branch of the the Jewish Faith Congregation at 18 Garibaldi Street. Local committees of Jewish parties resumed their activity. It included Bund and Zionist organizations, which apart from the implementation of their programmes, they also offered a social assistance for memebers and their families. In 1940s, many Jews functioned thanks to the material aid given by Joint and the Central Committee of Polish Jews. The Częstochowa Branch of Jewish Committee established a Cooperative for tailors and shoemakers in order to guarantee jobs. Private tailor's, shoemaker's and carpenter's shops were opened. In June 1946, Częstochowa was inhabited by around 2 thousand Jews; however, the pogrom in Kielce (4 July 1946) forced the majority of them to emigrate. After these events, as similarily to other towns inhabited by Jews, there was established a branch of Special Commission at the Jewish Committee

On the turn of 1949 and 1950, the majority of Jewish institutions and facilities in Częstochowa was liquidated or nationalized. On 29 October 1950, the Central Committee of Jews in Poland and the Jewish Culture Association merged and the Social and Cultural Association of Jews in Poland came into being(Polish: Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Żydów w Polsce, TSKŻ). The local branch of the Association was established in Częstochowa, which in the 1950s and 1960s aimed its activity at children and youth. It organized, for instance, English courses and drama circle. Following the reactivation of the Organisation for the Development of Industrial, Artisanal and Agricultural Productivity among the Jewish Population in Poland (ORT) in 1957, the Organization set up a local committe, which run, for instance, pursemaking course[5.2].

The situation of Jews in Częstochowa, as similarily to other towns, deteriorated after an anti-Semitic campaign during the summer of 1967, which reached its culminating point in March 1968. It resulted in another wave of emigration. Consequently, the Jewish community in Częstochowa ceased to exist at the beginning of 1970s .

The renaissance of Jewish life began along with the fall of Communist government in Poland in 1989[5.3]. TSKŻ branch in Częstochowa was reopened.

 

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[5.1] S. Waga (ed.), The Destruction of Czenstokov (Częstochowa, Poland), (1949) [online] http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Czestochowa2/Czestochowa2.html [Accessed 15 April 2014].

[5.2] M. Borkowski, A. Kirmiel, T. Włodarczyk, Śladami Żydów: Dolny Śląsk, Opolszczyzna, Ziemia Lubuska, (2008), 8; L. Brener, Der jidiszer jiszuw in Czenstochow noch der cwejter welt-milchome (1945–1956), in: S.D. Singer (ed.), Czenstochov. A New Supplement to The Book „Czenstochover Yidn”, (1958), 81–84; A. Namysło, Utracone nadzieje. Ludność żydowska w województwie śląskim/katowickim w latach 1945–1970 / Lost Hopes. Jews in Silesian/Katowickie Voivodeship in Years 1945–1970, (2012), 40, 124, 141, 160, 168, 172.

[5.3] M. Borkowski, A. Kirmiel, T. Włodarczyk, Śladami Żydów: Dolny Śląsk, Opolszczyzna, Ziemia Lubuska, (2008), 8-10.

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