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VERIFIED ARTICLE

Translator name :magdab

The earliest information about the village of Bircza is connected with the owners of the settlement. In 1418 these were men by the names of Iwanko and Łukasz.[1.1] It was at that time that the name Bircza was used for the first time and has stayed in this form until present day. Throughout the history, Bircza has undergone different transformations. In 1435 the name Byrcza and in 1448 Byercza appeared, while Biercza was in use in 1645.[1.2]

In 1446 the Bircza’s head was mentioned for the first time and he was the one that decided a dispute of the settlement’s first inhabitants. A year later, Bircza was acquired by Jerzy Matiaszowicz from the village of Zboiska, whose heirs started adopting family names derived from the name of the settlement.

The takeover of the settlement by the new owner resulted in the change of its profile. Bircza, originally founded under the Ancient Wallachian Law, from then on had a new village’s head whose name was Jan, and who was the head of a village that received a German Law charter. The beginnings of the 16th century were especially tragic for those who lived in Bircza.

The Tatars invaded the village in 1524 and plundered it completely. When, after two years, life was getting back to normal, a fire broke out and consumed most of the buildings that the settlement had. After these tragic years Bircza started to flourish, experiencing the best period ever. In 1597 the first mayor of the town started his office. In 1579-1585, the mayor, together with other clerks held offices in the town hall situated in a big market place. Power in the town was at that time mainly in the hands of wealthy craftsmen.

Bircza was also an important trade center, both on the national and international level. It became famous for its horse and linen trade.[refr:|Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Vol. I, Warszawa 1880, p. 230]] Undoubtedly, what gave the village even more splendor was the fact that it received a Hungarian wine storage privilege (1647). It meant that foreign merchants were obliged to sell the merchandise nowhere else but in Bircza. The town also had a privilege that permitted the inhabitants to hold fairs three times per year (Jan. 1, Jun. 29, and Oct. 4) as well to organize a market day once a week on Wednesdays.[1.3]g="EN-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Arial; "> Until 1972 Bircza was the seat of the Group National Council (Gromadzka Rada Narodowa; group – gromada = the lowest layer of local government), and since 1973 the seat of Municipality. In 1970-76 a new House of Culture was built. 

 

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[1.1] Motak Marek, Szyma Marcin, Bieszczady i Pogórze Przemyskie,Bielsko-Biała 2005, p. 307

[1.2] Plan Rozwoju Lokalnego dla Gminy Bircza na lata 2004 - 2006 oraz na lata 2007 – 2013, p. 13,

[1.3] Plan Rozwoju Lokalnego dla Gminy Bircza na lata 2004 - 2006 oraz na lata 2007 – 2013, p. 13

[1.4] Plan Rozwoju Lokalnego dla Gminy Bircza na lata 2004 - 2006 oraz na lata 2007 – 2013, p. 13

[1.5] Motak Marek, Szyma Marcin, Bieszczady i Pogórze Przemyskie, Bielsko-Biała 2005, p. 307

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